“China’s Two-Child Policy Shift May Be Too Late “
The condition of a country’s population relies on much more than knowing the total population within the nation, as well as its growth rates. During the 1970s, the central government of China began to promote a One-Child-Policy throughout the nation. The government’s main goal was to limit the rapid growing population.
China’s restrictive population policies, such as the one-child policy drastically reduced China’s growth rate. At the present time, China’s growth rate was approximately 3 percent. After decades the nation’s growth rate decreased to approximately 0.5 percent.
Authorities are now concerned that the country’s workforce will not be able to support an increasingly ageing population. During October 2015, Chinese government announced its overturn towards the one-child policy; allowing couples throughout the country to have two children. China’s one-child policy was aimed at limiting the nation’s population to boost economic growth.
How will this policy shift affect individuals within Chinese borders? The one-child policy, has led to drastic consequences far beyond its main goal to limit overpopulation. While males are responsible in Chinese culture for inheriting the family name as well as property. Consequently, Chinese culture showed preference during the time towards (first born) males. Thus overtime, a gap between the male and female population arose, altering the population composition within the country.
The main goal of the one-child policy was achieved, but the policy also had several unintended consequences including an increased abortion rate, an increase in female infanticide, and a high rate of orphaned girls. In addition, because of a traditional preference for boys, the nation is missing millions of females.
How will China deal with the unbalanced excess in testosterone? Because of a scheme of forced abortions and other invasions of privacy, as a result many Chinese lost faith in their government.
With the realization that the population was quickly becoming gendered and age imbalanced, China relaxed its one child policy. Notably, a total of 17.86 million infants were born during 2016. Leading to an increase of 1.31 million over the total in 2015.
The State Council paper admitted that China’s birthrate, which has been dipping below “replacement level”, would continue to stay low in the long-term even after the launch of the two-child policy. Furthermore, China’s shift to allow for two children, was a major contributing factor to the increase according to the National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) organization.
Demographers worldwide, have long anticipated the change in this policy. Many proposed that the abolishment of the one-child policy would allow for an increase in labor supply. While alleviating the pressure from the aging population. In accordance, this may lead to a future of sustained economic development within the nation of.
Regardless families remain reluctant to have a second child for various reasons. Many parents simply do not have the economic conditions to raise a second child. Thus, experts predict that unless China’s fertility rate increases to approximately 2.1, the nation has yet to face detrimental shortages in the labor force.